A framework for measuring sustainbility in the Swedish food system

– Being able to assess the sustainability of food systems is central to evaluate policy implemented to remedy their sustainability problems, to monitor performance over time and to function as input to policy makers’ decisions, says Helena Hansson.

This report introduces a catalogue of suggested themes, sub-themes and indicators for assessing food system sustainability in Sweden. The themes, sub-themes and indicators builds on previous work that developed food system sustainability frameworks, mainly Hebinck et al. (2021) who suggests an integrated framework for food system sustainability assessment building on a comprehensive review of the literature.

From a conceptual perspective, the report builds on a model developed by Mistra Food Futures researchers in 2022 – 23 (Hansson et al., 2023), where a food system sustainability framework for Sweden is suggested to take the form of a Food System Sustainability House.

The report now continues by introducing and motivating themes and indicators to assess food system sustainability based on the Food System Sustainability House. The themes and indicators are adapted for the Swedish food system. For each indicator, we give suggestions for official and what we call science-based targets. Official targets are targets currently reflected in official policy documents. Such are currently lacking for most of the indicators.


Helena Hansson, Sarah Säll, Assem Abou Hatab, Elin Röös, Pernilla Tidåker, Åsa Berggren, Peter Lundqvist, Ulf Magnusson, Lotta Rydhmer, Lihua Zhu, Serina Ahlgren, Ellinor Hallström, U. Martin Persson, Anna Winkvist

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Mistra Food Futures rapport #14 A framework for measuring sustainbility in the Swedish food system